The Congress shall have power …To make all laws which shall be
necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all
other powers vested by this Constitution in the government of the United States,
or in any department or officer thereof.
Note: This refers to the power explicitly granted to
Congress by the Constitution and extends them to the implied powers.
It appears early in the Constitution and at first appears to to
apply only to preceding powers, but then continues to include all
government powers. However, it does not grant Congress the power
to limit or interfere with State powers granted by the Constitution.
It is often called the "necessary and proper clause" or the "basket